Alasdair Macintyre Vs Virginia Held Essay Sample

Alasdair Macintyre Vs Virginia Held Essay Sample

… The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre. Specifically, it will discuss MacIntyres criticism of duty-based and goal-based moral theory, and his reasons for preferring a right-based moral theory. It will also include reactions to his views and his virtue-based moral theory.
MacIntyre criticizes duty-based and goal-based moral theories on several levels. He feels morals based on duty and goals are not virtuous, and therefore do not belong in moral theory, and that the moral character people develop from living by …

… by these theories is flawed. The child learning to play chess is an excellent example of both of these theories, and why MacIntyre feels they do not work. The child is not learning to play chess because it wants to learn. The child is learning to play chess because MacIntyre wants it to learn, and gives it a goal, candy, and a duty, “play with me.” Eventually he hopes the child will derive satisfaction and learn new skills from playing chess, and then the moral theory will change, and the child will derive enjoyment from the entire practice. Thus, goal …

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