Antiseptic Surgery Essay Example

Antiseptic Surgery Essay Example

… before surgery.
Unfortunately, not all patients benefit psychologically from cosmetic surgery. These cases raise questions about where to draw the line between normal and excessive body anxiety (Stacey, 2002). An estimated seven to ten percent of cosmetic surgery patients suffer from a condition called body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) that represents the extreme of bad body image. Its sufferers become fixated on perceived physical flaws to the point where their obsession interferes with daily functioning. They spend hours on ritualized grooming, use a magnifying glass to scrutinize their defect,” and feel tormented by their ugliness. The patients reaction after surgery is a major clue to the identification of BDD. Bad body image cannot be cured by treating only the symptoms. While, the average cosmetic-surgery patient has one feature improved and usually feels happy with the result, patients with BDD remain dissatisfied with their appearance after one or more surgeries, and often simply transfer their obsessions to another body feature.
Evidence of BDD is provided by several studies. For example, research on the psychological effects of breast implants on women discovered that 3,521 Swedish women who had breast implants between 1965 and 1993 for cosmetic reasons were three times …

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