Criminal activities have remained rampant in the society for a very long period of time. Many leaders have dedicated their time in fighting against crime. Although this war has been intensified in recent decades, many analysts have argued that the war if too far from being won. This trend has led to lowering of security levels with new discoveries being sought to unravel the exact causes of criminal behavior in the society (Siegel, 2005). These discoveries include the use integrated techniques to catch up with criminals while committing crime or after being investigated. The ability of identifying criminals after undertaking acts of violence solely depends on capability incorporating different disciplines in dealing with criminal activities. These efforts have however received a boost from the department of criminology whose growth has been exponentially described.
What is criminology? This can be described as the scientific study of the nature of crime, criminals and criminal behaviors within the society. Criminologists engage in ventures of explaining why some people derive pleasure in committing crime (Siegel, 2005). They do this by use of theories which have been developed for a very long period of time. These theories help the society to understand numerous aspects of criminal activities including preventive measures which are viable in dealing with crime. It is important to mention that criminology has undergone manifold evolution. Many developments have been realized as a result of various technological and scientific developments which have been felt in every department. Description and understanding of criminal activities was quite crude and vague prior to adoption and advancing of criminology which has turned out to be a significant discipline in dealing with criminals (Walklate, 2005). No single leader in history has ever advocated for criminality in the society; it has no discovered benefits with massive disadvantages.
Although a lot of efforts have been diverted to combating crime understanding the root cause of crime has remained a mirage in history for a considerable period of time (Newburn, 2007). These causes range from sociological to economic factors. On the other hand, some experts have dedicated themselves to classifying crime in various groups based on the nature of the crime. Many experts believe that one of the categories of crime which has been ignored by many people is white collar and corporate crime. These have been described as unlawful acts which are punishable by law. They include omissions which could be as a result of deliberate opinions and decisions in a formal organization.
There are various reasons which attempt to explain why white collar crime has remained on the margins of criminology. According to research, this type of crime is considered complicated and difficult to research. Many people involved in this type of crime exhibit high levels of cunning blended with professionalism (Newburn, 2007). This makes the process of researching to be financially demanding. In addition, there is less political and social interest. Many people do not consider white collar crime to be real especially in formal organizations. Since its introduction in early 1910s, white collar crime has received has received both support and criticism. Many critics believe that official duties should be considered differently especially when dealing with matters concerning crime. Some have argued that some of these crimes are usually committed by people of high social status, on behalf of firms or against firms. It is important to understand that there are various forms of crimes committed in organizations. They include but not limited to avoidance of work, unmerited rewards, and deviance among employees against or for the organizations among others. Unlike many forms of crime, white collar crimes take place in privacy especially in official offices. It is worth noting that most of these crimes take place in the presence of offenders. They may not necessarily have complaints and lack physical threat and involve a breach of personal roles assigned in the organization. Types of white collar crimes include corruption, theft, consumer offences, environmental offences and food offences among others (Newburn, 2007). Victims of such criminal cases mainly include organizations and individuals. Nevertheless, all efforts have to be involved in order to deal with white collar crimes. Governments should be vigilant inn establishing laws which guard against such acts in offices and in organizations.
Newburn, T. (2007). Criminology. United Kingdom: Willan Publishing.
Siegel, L. J. (2005). Criminology. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.
Walklate, S. (2005). Criminology: the basics. London: Taylor & Francis.