… and socially upwardly mobile live in the city and work in the office buildings in the suburbs. This creates for a vibrant city life in Paris.
American cities, because of deindustrialization, are following this pattern as well. Now, smaller cities like Orlando and Raleigh are making a bid to attract wealthy young service industry professionals to live in remodeled downtown areas.
This process is changing the picture of urban landscapes: Where factories and industrial parks once stood in downtown areas of cities, now loft-style apartment living and restaurants and bars are taking over.
Another result of urban deindustrialization has …
… for and with minorities and socioeconomically underprivileged classes.
Essentially, the change from industry to service has changed the picture of the American urban landscape entirely.
Bourgois, Phillipe. El Barrio, East Harlem, New York City. 1995, page 326.
Hubbard, John. Reuniting Man and Nature. (1994): http://www.tk421.net/essays/park.shtml
Hans-Liudger Dienel and Malte Schophaus. Temporary Use of Urban Wasteland and the development of Youth Cultures: a comparative perspective on history and future prospects. Berlin, Amsterdam, Naples.
The Image Place: “Victorias inner harbour 1967-1992: the transformation of a deindustrialized waterfront,” The Canadian Geographer, 37(4 …