Home schooling systems is increasingly being assimilated by more people in the society over the last two decades. This has been linked to the resultant effects to different states and the young people. Though scholars have differed over its overall suitability, its current resurgence calls for more research to asses its suitability. Under the No Child Left Behind Act, the US government’s reconsideration of the system through supervision and testing of the system adds weight on the need to reconsider its overall viability. Since inception, educationists have ambiguously used the term to fit in their description and immediate context. However, this paper will use the term with reference to education that takes place in the home settings by the parents and at times tutors as opposed to the formal setting of public and private schools (Jackson, 2009).
Notably, home schooling is driven by a multiplicity of factors applied depending on the social environment upon which a community operates. 85% of the parents in US cite the need for better moral background of their children to be the main pull factor. Most of the countries like UK, France, New Zealand and Canada have legalized home schooling while in others countries like Germany and Brazil it is considered totally illegal. This paper explores the main pros and cons of this system to ascertain its suitability and viability for application. Therefore, the paper reviews four articles with two of them supporting the system and the other two arguing against its application in the society. In conclusion, an overview of the system is given with recommendations that can assist in making education system in the society much better.
Advantages of home schooling system
Article I; Policy analysis Home schooling back to the future? Cato Policy Analysis No. 294, by Isabel Lyman.
Article II; Home schooling Creates Competent Learners, by Jackson Julie.
Better parent child relationship establishment
Over the years, the rising cases of children misbehavior have been cited to be products of poor parent child relationship globally. Naturally, the concern for a child’s well being in terms of his/ her intellectual and behavioral capacity forms the major dream of all parents. As result, the intrinsic demand to give the best to their children forms part of the personal identity for the parents. Home environment assists in child modeling depending on the parents overall understanding of the child. Notably, some of the teachers and early childhood corers are mostly driven by the economic gains that accrue to the services they give to the children. This may compromise the overall quality of the services offered especially when the teachers operate under ineffective laws and policy frameworks. Under the parent child relationship, the child understands that he/she is fully responsible for the actions taken as there are less chances of faking progress in the assignments and activities allocated by the parent or the teachers.
Fostering of personal competence and determination
Recently, American public schools have come under great scrutiny due to increased poor performance compared to private, home schooling and other schools internationally. With US being a home to proactive citizens who are driven by objectivity, it is important to subject the young people to systems that guarantee them international standards. Unlike the public schools where teachers to students ratio is far from satisfactory, direct personal assistance to the students is availed at all times by the parents raising the ability to interact in most of the problem solving situations. According to Erickson’s theory of personality development, the ability of a child to develop is shaped by the environment they grow in. The theory adds that all people are unique and therefore should be given special care to identify their strong areas. These ideals are easily articulated in the home schooling set up where young people are able to articulate and interrelate all of their learning considerations with the community and societal demands. In addition, the students are able to exercise greater freedom in their relation with the tutors/ parents (Isabel 1998).
Curricula development with the children’s abilities
The quagmire surrounding failure of the many public schools has often been cited as poor curriculum that is less sensitive of the children’s abilities and talents for growth and development. As noted earlier, parents are the best placed people for having spent more time with the children and understanding part or all of their genetic demands. Therefore, it is easy to note the child’s talents, develop the necessary curriculum and deploy the best services that can assist him in achieving the best results. In most of the public schools, it is very hard to determine the individual capacities of the children due to complexities of factors like poor teacher to student’s ratio, relationship, and lack of the correct facilities for learning. It has been argued that home schooling is a total fun and very easy for the children in understanding major concepts of various subjects. Unlike the public schools where learning is concentrated only in class and during class-time only, home schooling is progressive. Most of the activities that take place form the practical basis of applying the taught aspects. It also brings about perfection in applying major concepts due to continued supervision of the mother and/ or the caregivers (Jackson, 2009).
Ability to morally mold the child
Psychologists argue that a child’s behavior is like a mirror that reflects directly on the structures and personality of the mentors. Globally, most of the states have hostile historical derivation that is often upgraded to reflect high levels of immorality and crime. Most of the public schools in US have increasingly been the centers of crime. Parents are therefore forced by the circumstances to shift their children from the high risky schools in order to guarantee them a better future. By the year 1993, about 25% of the total number of students and 10% of the teachers were victims of violence by the students in US metropolitan schools. It is however much easier to prevent bad peer influence by the child through constant monitoring of their actions, activities, the programs they associate with and even friends with ease. At even greater danger of personality destruction are the girls who face very high possibilities of getting raped during the school and school related activities (Isabel 1998).
Recipe for change and cohesion with the community
Due to the fast dwindling notion of the services quality offered in compulsory education systems, the demand for alternatives has been constantly rising with time. It has become clear in the recent years that most of the home schooled people form some of the best community workers in the society. The system is good in that it introduces the students to the community at an early stage therefore instilling its ideals for later growth and development. The most important aspect of education has and will always be, the capacity to mold an individual to fit and participate in addressing the societal problems effectively. According to the pattern theory, it is much easier to control the occurrence of crime by eliminating the exposure of the young people to the crime cultivating systems. The theory points out that most of the juvenile crimes take place and often recur due to the fact that one once a criminal has been created, it becomes very hard to prevent the later crime. The community is therefore embracing this system due to the major guarantee of security and support in its main operations. The system also saves the funds required for education as the role is taken by the parents. These funds can be diverted and applied in other areas of community development in the society (Jackson, 2009).
Disadvantages of home schooling systems
Article, III. Home Schooling Disadvantages: The Darker Side of the Scene, by Agarwal.
Article IV. Philosophical Problems Associated with Home schooling, by Philliphodgson
Whereas home schooling has received widespread cognition, major disadvantages progressively follow and threaten to diminish the much focused benefits. This has possibly been due to the fact that the system is relatively new and most of the people are still uncertain about its application. However, sociologists are calling for greater caution in assimilation of the model due to the following effects.
Lack of teaching and mentor ship skills in the home setting
Even with the analysts clamoring for change, it has become hard for the home based schooling to guarantee the children development best mentoring during their schooling lives. It is conterminously agreed that people have different professional background a system which made schools to be introduced for specialized services. Home schooling denotes the parents and guardians trial to play the role of early childhood specialists which has proved to be hard and very ineffective. Agarwal (2008) argues that it is a highly ineffective system and parents who wish to establish such systems should get effective early childhood training first. Besides, the system kills professionalism as parents try to play the role of teachers as opposed to their professional demands. The ability of the child to progress is totally based on the parents who will also be liable for any failure by the student. It is important to separate the child’s ability and the teachers will and commitment in order to establish the necessary missing link that can be sealed to help the child.
Demand for time and much commitment
One of the major setbacks of home schooling has been the extended tie ups that parents encounter in maintaining the system. As indicated earlier, this system demands constant touch and supervision that call for the parent to be around the child always. Therefore, most of the parents become less active and less productive in the society. Whereas use of the mandatory schooling system assists in ensuring that parents are able to venture into other economically viable systems, home based schooling obscures the system and makes them unviable. Unlike most of the specialized teachers who understand the need for patience, most of the parents usually run out of patience and may threaten the whole systems operation and existence. More time to do shopping, visit friends, go outing, and contribute to community services is hampered by the system (Philliphodgson, 2008).
Lack of exposure to others and the natural system
Growth and development is marked in stages and the structures required enhancing progress to the next stage. Notably, people at the schooling ages requires interaction with other people and the natural system which forms the basement of their understanding and mental development. Segregating the children from others denies them their overall capacity to explore the world and discover simple problem solution systems. According to BF Skinner conditioning theory, students require strong operant application to guarantee better and faster development of their cognitive capabilities. However, it has proved hard for parents to enforce strong operant to their children as they link it to punishments. Besides, they often fail to determine the correct stages when operant should be applied.
High chances of poor performance and lack of recognition
Application of home schooling is considered to be at a very tender age in US and globally too. Therefore, it is still not recognized in many regions as do private and public schools. As a result, most of the students who undergo home schooling often find themselves being unqualified to join various colleges or work in various public and private sectors. Home schooled people cannot be recruited in the Department of Defense. This has been linked to their continued segregation that prevents them from interacting with real hard life situations thereby making them to lag behind in addressing problems of similar or greater magnitude (Philliphodgson, 2008). The notion of continued couching and assistance in solving virtually all the problem is considered to be retrogressive to an individual’s later capacity to counter various problems without assistance.
Since establishment, home schooling systems have indicated a strong notion of resurgence in the communities. As indicated by the above articles, the system denotes change and gives viable platforms for later application of the system in the society. It outlines the capacity for autonomous self operation systems that might soon replace the ordinarily known educational systems. Being in the 21st era, it is clear that the ability of such a system to gain momentum cannot be ignored. However, it is necessary to address the intrinsic demands that often recur during application of the process. It is especially necessary for legislations to be established to ensure that the system operates under the demands of the legislative framework to ensure professionalism. Besides, it should integrate systems that encourage external exposure for those that go through the process.
Agarwal, A. (2008, November 6). Home Schooling Disadvantages – The Darker Side Of The Scene. Retrieved May 6, 2009, from http://ezinearticles.com/?Home-Schooling- Disadvantages—The-Darker-Side-Of-The-Scene&id=1659306
Jackson, J. (2009, April 29). Homeschooling Creates Competent Learners. Retrieved May 6, 2009, from Learners&id=2286259http://ezinearticles.com/?Homeschooling-Creates- Competent-
Isabel, L. (1998). Policy analysis Home schooling back to the future? Cato Policy Analysis No. 294. Washington D.C. Cato Institute, Available at >www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa-294.html<
Philliphodgson (2008). Philosophical Problems Associated with Home schooling. Accessed on 6th May, 2009, at