… Europe seemed to be the light in the dark after the Middle Ages. Most of Europe had seen its fair share of war, disease and poverty. Humanists stressed living in the now, rather than living in fear of the afterlife.
The classic philosophies and literature lead people towards exploring art, literature, philosophy and the classical languages. In essence, the Renaissance era is responsible for some of the greatest inventors and artists of Post-Modern Europe.
Though Renaissance Humanism began in Florence, Italy, it quickly spread across Europe, as people quickly re-discovered the social philosophy of Ancient Greeks and Romans. The Renaissance comes from the Latin word rebirth and Humanism indeed sparked life into Western Europe after the darkness of the Middle Ages.
Kreis, S. Renaissance Humanism
Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History