Leadership is often exemplified as the practice of social authority in the course of which an individual can procure the assistance and support of other people in order to fulfill a common objective shared by them. Some of the most important qualities in a leader are: a strong drive in his leadership approach, Honesty, Integrity and Self-reliance, Leadership motivation, cognitive competence and awareness about the business settings. Often, in the organizational culture there is a false tendency to perceive leaders in a typified persona. Leadership may and surely does emerge in several diversified profiles and forms. (Hargreaves & Fink, 2003) Effective and first rate leaders do not adhere to a conventional template. However, interviewing Roger Gates, CEO of TISCON and Harold Brad, Chairman of Pensofts, it was realized that there are various aspects of leaderships.
One of the most interesting aspects of leadership is communication. Roger Gates stated that “This is one of the most important aspects that determine organizational behaviour. This area is too detailed to be covered comprehensively in this interview.” This is also one of the areas which this company is lagging. It can be seen that the most serious lack of leadership is in the departmental heads, especially the manufacturing department. There are also different types of leadership styles that can be followed. The different communication styles through which one can enhance his or her leadership skills are Democratic, authoritarian and Laissez-Faire. (Hiatt, 2003)
Another aspect is EI. Harold Brad stated that “Emotional Intelligence or EI helps leaders meet the difficulties in their leadership roles”. He also noted that there are five elements of EI in the context of emotional leadership. These are perception, expression and appraisal of emotion, understanding and attending the other’s emotion, emotional facilitation of thinking, analysis of emotion and regulation of emotion. EI is required in leadership and it is said to be the end product of emotional leadership. In today’s workforce the leaders need to supervise and direct their team beyond the democratic, consultative and cooperative styles of leadership. They need to communicate with their group members, be responsible for their decisions, develop the potential of their team, give the team members their individual recognition and mentor them. Only through emotional leadership and EI the leaders can motivate their workers and help them to channel their emotions in a positive manner so that they can perform properly even under pressure. (King, 2002)
Other aspects such as problem solving and team leading abilities of the leader were observed to emerge as most significant aspects in the contemporary arena of leadership traits. As discussed before, problem solving capabilities of a leader can have a considerable influence on the way an organization is administered. Thus one cannot count out the importance of such aspects of leadership. (Alchian & Demsetz 2007)
Finally, while analyzing the training aspects of leaders, it was noticed that all successful leaders nurtured their leadership skills at some point in time or continue to do so at present. However, it was also observed that some individuals, in spite of professional training had failed in leadership roles. This goes to show, one has to possess the basic willingness to assume the role of a leader and if one lacks this motivation no professional training can help him to succeed in his leadership endeavors. (Wilson, 2002)
Apart from all the qualities mentioned in this research paper, one must remember the importance of business ethics and its role in effective leadership. Ethical perspective is immensely critical and indispensable attribute of an effectual leader. Leaders must encourage his followers to build up a set of values and guiding ideology and publicize them for their customers and stakeholders to know. This has a positive impact on the business and also spreads a positive sense across the work environment. This is turn leads to better productivity of the employees.
In conclusion, it was learnt that a true leader believes that employees are well aware of their duties and the work of a leader or manager in this context is guiding and motivating whenever a need is there. A certain amount of autocracy may also be needed since the employees at this level may not do their job properly without proper supervision. Thus, in this context, it can be concluded with that healthy relations between the management and the employees only can bring prosperity to the company. Thus, the leadership system or the Leadership of multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary team of professionals is not simply about trade unions and industrial relations between managements and employees. In fact, it is a definition, which portrays the projection and maintenance of understanding, togetherness, and essential values and ethics as accepted by both the management and the workers of the companies. Thus, it is a managerial frame of reference, which does not easily bring itself together with companies or social positions, which are distinctively more politically influenced. Instead of all drawbacks in Leadership ideologies of management, it has numerous facilities. (Hackman & Johnson1996)
Alchian, A & Demsetz, H 2007, Production, information costs, and economic organization. American Economic Review, Vol. 62, Issue 2, pp 777-95.
Hackman, Michael Z & Craig E. Johnson; 1996; Leadership: A Communication Perspective; Waveland Press
Hargreaves, A & Fink, D, 2003, Sustaining Leadership, Ebsco publishing, Sydney.
Hiatt, J M 2003, Change Management: The People Side of Change, Prosci, London.
King, D 2002, Changing Shape of Leadership, Ebsco publishing, Sydney.
Wilson, D C 2002, A Strategy of Change: Concepts and Controversies in the Management of Change, Cengage Learning EMEA, NY.