Description on Mechanical Engineering, qualifications/licensing needed, salary, demand for Mechanical Engineers, description of job
The extensive field of all disciplines which deals with design and manufacture of tools, machinery and all other mechanical tools to be used in industries is Mechanical engineering. In early 1920’s Mechanical Engineers played an extremely important role in the formation of mass production factories. In this world of materialization cost-saving production with automated and latest robotic technology in which Mechanical Engineers are playing key role. By the use of CAD and Pro-Engineering, Automated systems such as utilizing laser-processing and machining and superior sensor and imaging equipments etc. are being developed. Mechanical Engineers plan and design, build up service, or movable robots, and involuntary guided means of transportation, as well as space exploration vehicles. Many work on machinery and systems design. Design engineers are mainly concerned with new merchandise development but also upgrade existing designs to achieve extraordinary performance goals.
The specializations comprise of thermal engineering, designing, and manufacture engineering etc. Good engineering practice comes from the productive synergy of the elements. Students emerge from the universities experience with a developed sense of what it means to be an engineer.
Nature of work:
Engineers make use of principles and theories of science, mathematics and engineering to solve practical difficulty. The work is application oriented than that of scientists. The areas of expertise include applied mechanics; computer-aided design and manufacturing; energy systems; pressure vessels and piping; and heating, refrigeration, and air-conditioning systems. Mechanical engineering is the discipline that extends across many inter-reliant specialties. With the assistance of Computers mechanical engineers accurately and efficiently carry out computations, and by permitting the modeling and simulation of latest designs helping changes for existing designs. Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) are second-hand for design data processing and used for turning the design into a product.
Mechanical Engineers are hired in every industry, with most working for manufacturing firms and a substantial number employed by consulting services. Although a few engineers spend the majority of their time in office, many jobs need running part of the time in plant, testing laboratories, machine shop, or installation site. Engineers also attend to professional conferences and training sessions to keep abreast of recent advances in the field.
The majority of engineers work for 40 hours a week in engine rooms, offices, and industrial plants, even assisting civil or electronic engineers. Some may be exposed to hazards from equipment, chemicals or toxic materials.
Training, Other qualifications and Advancement:
It may be possible for certain engineering jobs with no formal training, most companies prefer to employ with at least 2 years of experience with four year associate degree. Despite the companies offering training, many training institutes, vocational technical schools and armed forces are also available. To have an advantage over competition engineers are to be certified. Certification is basically to tell the field of one’s expertise and registering with the government gives official Licensing which shows exceptional demand in automotive, aerospace and chemical engineering. Many belong to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers or the National Society of Professional Engineers.
Keeping up with latest technologies and growth in their field through reading, advanced courses, conferences and professional society seminars enhances the knowledge. Those who are hired with bachelor’s degrees may be expected to work towards their master’s. Most companies pay some or all of the costs for career-related education. Qualified engineers may promote to senior or project engineer. Some shift into management after several years of mechanical work.
Finding the job:
Prior to graduation, applying for interview with recruiters on campus and also replying to ads in campus, newspapers and in professional journals. Networking through professional society meetings could also guide us to jobs. Some candidates also use the services of professional recruitment agencies and record with the nearest Employment Department Job Service.
Mechanical engineers work mainly in manufacturing firms and also may get to work in administrative and managerial positions, in governmental units or public and private sector industries or do research as well as teaching in Research and teaching institutes. They could also opt for technical sales / marketing or work as independent advisors.
The following information is from the US Projections of Employment published by the Labor Market Information Division.
Estimated number of workers in 1993 24,290
Estimated number of workers in 2005 31,710
Projected Growth 1993-2005
31% Estimated openings due to separations by 2005 7,740
Salary, Benefits and Compensations:
Earnings vary to some extent from areas and kind of the employer. Engineers get paid higher as they get experienced. Highest pay for a supervising engineer can top $8,000 per month.
Fringe benefits generally comprise of paid vacation, sick leave, retirement, health, dental and vision insurance plans. Some companies offer stock option and/or profit-sharing policies. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates the average yearly earnings of mechanical engineers in 2007 as $75,130.
A 2007 survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers showed the following average salary offers for graduating mechanical engineering students:
- Bachelor’s degree candidates: $54,128 per annum
- Master’s degree candidates: $62,798 per annum
- Ph.D. candidates: $72,763 per annum
- USA Occupational Guide Number 5 2008-09 Edition
- Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2006-2007 Edition by the United States Department of Labor
- Mechanical Engineers Survey by National Association of Colleges and Employers
- Mechanical engineering design education: issues and case studies: presented on 1999 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nashville, Tennessee.