Medieval Cathedral, Pyramids, Temples

Medieval Cathedral, Pyramids, Temples

In the Middles Ages, cathedrals were used for religious services and other related ceremonies such as baptisms, marriages and funerals. Other than those, cathedrals also served as burial grounds. Building cathedrals took a hundred years and every part of it had a purpose, like; buttresses as bridges, clerestories for more lighting, porches for shelter and spires to hold a cross or a weather vane. Cathedrals have become tourist attractions because of their grandiose architecture.

Egyptian pyramids started with rectangular-shaped tombs or mastabas of Egyptian kings. Imhotep, an architect of King Djoser in2780 BC placed 6 mastabas on top of each other. The ones on top were smaller than those underneath. It contained rooms, passages and the burial chamber. This was the first ever built step-pyramid which was later redesigned into solid-walled pyramids. It took 100,000 men 20 years to build the Great Pyramid.

The Greek temples were built as homes for gods and goddesses who were believed to protect and provide the needs of the people. Gods and goddesses controlled nature like the sun and rain for vegetation, the wind and sea for their vessels. The Greeks made sure that the temples were made from the best wood and stone to please their gods and goddesses so they in turn would give them plentiful harvests and good voyages.

The Roman temples were both to honor their gods and dedicate to their emperors. They were built by military generals in gratitude for their victorious battles. The Romans worshipped their gods daily for good fortune. They have many different gods to whom they pray to, like Venus for love and Mars for war.

The Hindu temple was used for meetings with singing and chanting. Hindus visit their temples only on favorable occasions and during religious feasts. For their daily prayers, they have their own prayer rooms at home. The architectural design of the temples varied according to the period when they were built, the oldest believed to be as old as 2000 years.

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