Mexican Boarder Essay

Mexican Boarder Essay

… FROM OUT OF THE SHADOWS
INTRODUCTION
In “From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in the United States” by Vicki L. Ruiz, the author discusses Mexican-Americans in 1848, and how their lives changed. In 1848, there were thousands of Mexican-American settlers in what is now the Southwest United States. Ruiz states life for these settlers “changed dramatically in 1848 with the conclusion of the U.S.-Mexican War, the discovery of gold in California, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo,” and this began their long descent into second-class citizenship that continues. Ruiz goes on to say, “With little opportunity for advancement, Mexicans were concentrated in lower echelon industrial, service, and agricultural jobs,” and this downward spiral persists in society today.
Each of the causes of change was important and devastating, but probably the most devastating was the discovery of gold in California. Mexican-Americans had long made California their home, and some owned extensive ranchos, but California glittered too brightly, and the United States took the country for its own in 1850. The rancho way of life disappeared, especially when the ranchos belonged to women, which was not unusual in Mexican society. Unlike the U.S., Mexican

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