Moral Decisions Essay

Moral Decisions Essay

Every individual has a system or factors on which he/she base the process where moral decisions are made. This foundation is very important to an individual since it allows one to make decisions concerning what is right and what is wrong. In this particular case, a framework comprising of several steps is followed and covers a number of moral considerations depending on the nature of issue in question. The main moral factors emphasized by this framework are the situations where self respect as well as unity or cooperation are upheld. This framework is not limited to one specific decision but has the capability of adjusting to each and every nature of issue at hand, making it applicable in day to day life.


Moral decisions are normally based on several ethical factors which uphold acceptable behavior or morals. There is a general framework in which moral decisions are founded and it caters for all decisions made including those that cover areas of gender, religion, politics as well as ethnicity. The basis of moral decisions also covers all talent provisions as well as capabilities. For decisions to be moral they must be effective in every environment including a situation where one is alone to an environment involving more than one person. A framework that covers all these considerations is established and applied during daily decision making processes. This framework assists in evaluating every decision’s ethical aspects, which is followed by weighing of considerations impacting choices of actions. Although this framework comprises of a number of steps, it has become easy since it is practiced regularly making its application so automatic that specific steps are not consulted during execution. It is also through this framework of making moral decision that the ability to differentiate between the right and the wrong things is founded. (Bowker, 2000)

Framework for Making Moral Decisions and Judgment of Right and Wrong

This framework begins with recognition of ethical aspect of the issue on which decision is to be made. This may include a situation where a decision between two alternatives is to be made; that is a bad and a good one or where both alternatives are either bad or good. This first step provides the direction to which a particular moral decision is to be directed. After the ethical issue is recognized, it is followed by compilation of known facts. In cases where very little is known about the issue, it becomes appropriate to search for more information from sources that have information concerning it. Parties that can be affected by the decision are also recognized in order to consider making adjustments and ways in which to arrive at adjustments. (Marietta, 2004)

The third step of this framework on which making of moral decisions is founded involves critical evaluation of alternative actions. In this particular case, all the options relating to issue in question are considered and analyzed. This is where all moral and ethical options concerning the issue at hand are pointed out including whether the decision will be in a position to respect all constituent parties’ rights. Another moral issue considered in this step is ability of decision to provide proper treatment to people in either proportionate or equivalent terms. Level of harm that the decision has potential of causing is evaluated as well as its inclusiveness of all constituent members. This leads to the final step where actual moral decision is made which hopefully constitutes of consideration of all moral issues that eventually cultivate self respect as well as cooperation within elements affected by the decision. (Cahn, 1993)


Moral decisions are based on different but related aspects which result to moral behavior. These aspects are combined in a single framework consisting of several steps which are followed systematically in order to come up with one final decision that caters for all of them. The resultant decision has a capability of creating trust as well as understanding among constituent parties. Further, the decision considered as moral does not build barriers but unites the parties accordingly. However, incases where the self constitutes the only party, self respect is normally cultivated in execution of final decision which is moral. (Cahn, 1993)


Bowker J. (2000): Making Moral Decisions: New York, Continuum International Publishing Group pp36

Cahn E. (1993): The Moral Decision: Right and Wrong in the Light of American Law: North California, Wm. S. Hein Publishing pp37

Marietta D. (2004): Beyond certainty: a phenomenological approach to moral reflection: New York, Lexington Books pp18-25

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