… in both the Epics.
The hero’s journey consists of a simple pattern:
· The hero leaves home.
· The hero crosses a boundary into a strange territory.
· In this strange territory, the hero is tested and initiated.
· The hero returns home, enriched by his experience.
These pattern is found throughout classical stories. Both “The Odyssey” and “Gilgamesh” have the similar outlines. In “Gilgamesh”, the hero leaves home twice. Perhaps Gilgamesh’s first escapade is not sufficient to initiate him. He does not seem changed by it. His second escapade does change him. Odysseus’s real hero’s journey is his effort …
… does change him. Odysseus’s real hero’s journey is his effort to return home to Ithaca. He faces monsters and divine enemies, as well as forces of nature in his journey. He is helped, not only by Athena but Hermes, as well as the Phaiakians. Especially Calypso tempts Odysseus.