… and later consecrated as a Catholic Church.
The Parthenon was built to house a huge gold and ivory (chryselephantine) statue of the goddess Athena, patron of the polis of Athens. The polis–or city-state–was the Greeks’ distinctive political formation–a walled town with surrounding villages and countryside, and ideally politically independent of its neighbors. The high place of a polis– the acropolis- -was the site of shrines to locally important deities. The Pantheon was (and is) a classic, syncretistic structure bringing together ancient elements of art, religion, and architecture, yet possibly the most revolutionary creation of its time …
… replaced with similar works portraying Christian idols.
the Parthenon is a temple built on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. The artists of Greece valued above all else grace, harmony and precision. The Acropolis, which means “high city” in Greek, consists of seven buildings overlooking the city of Athens. The Parthenon, built in 447 B.C., is the largest structure on the highest point of the Acropolis. The Parthenon is considered the supreme monument of Greek architecture and is perfectly proportioned, while the Pantheon is considered to be a symbolism of different styles and architectures.