Plato As An Ideal Man Essay Sample

Plato As An Ideal Man Essay Sample

.. the spiritual elements, expressed through emotions like love, anger and compassion. Above all, the third element that separates people from animals and makes them unique is the human ability to use language and reason.
An imbalance among these elements leads to conflict, sickness and misery. Individual justice can only happen when all three elements are in balance. Only when this balance occurs can a person live a just and harmonious life.
The theory of political justice parallels the theory of individual justice. For Plato, a city is “man writ large against the sky.” Since people are social animals, cities are a natural extension and mirror of the human soul. In Plato’s ideal society, each person’s social role should be determined by the element dominant in his or her soul.
Thus, people who are ruled by bodily appetites should work as farmers, laborers, hunters and merchants. People ruled by spiritual elements should be members of a city’s auxiliary and military staff. Finally, the men and women who are ruled by reason should rule as society’s guardians.
Political justice occurs when the guardians rule wisely and the other classes do their tasks, ensuring the smooth function of the …

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