… ought not be allowed in the perfect state. It is nothing more or less than play-actors pretending to be sad or villainous for no reason, and is harmful to the minds of the impressionable who might be purposefully made sad or villainous. All these things are but imitations (Plato) and imitation itself is unworthy. Yet Aristotle suggests that the tragic flaw, and the fall of the character, provide the viewer with an important moral lesson, and an equally important emotional purging. His tragic flaw is not supposed to be such that it renders him repugnant, but on the contrary …
… of Aristotle. Trans. S. H. Butcher. Ed. Jawaid Bazyar. Liberty Online, 1999. <http://libertyonline.hypermall.com/Aristotle/Default.htm>
Definition of Tragedy: Excerpts. The Literary Link. <http://theliterarylink.com/tragedy.html>
Miller, Arthur. Tragedy and the Common Man. The Theater Essays of Arthur Miller. New York: Viking Press, 1978. 3-7. <archived at: http://theliterarylink.com/miller1.html>
Plato. Republic. Trans. Benjamin Jowett.
<Archived at: http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.4.iii.html>
Sophocles. Oedipus The King. Trans. Storr, F. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1912. <Archived by the Gutenberg Project at: http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/etext92/oedip10.txt>