… be reactive as well as proactive. In the case of the Chicano movement, the counter measures to white supremacy and dominance had been reactive activism. As the Chicanos struggled they realized that they need to be equal to the whites in order to fight for their rights. A laid back stance would not have proven any benefits and thus they focused on the literacy campaigns and awareness building which became the base for their campaign’s success.
1. Mariscal, Jorge. Left turns in the Chicano movement, 1965-1975. Monthly Review, July-August, 2002.
2. Meier, Matt S., and Rivera, Feliciano. The Chicanos: A History of Mexican Americans. New York: Hill and Wang, 1972.
3. The Rise of the UFW. Accessed on 17-4-2003. http://www.ufw.org/ufw.htm
4. Levinson, Sandra and Brightman, Carol eds., Veneremos Brigade: Young Americans Sharing the Life and Work of Revolutionary Cuba, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971, 235.
5. El Grilo del Norte, May 19, 1969, 8-9; June 14, 1969.