Learning is such a complex thing and has so many different factors that contribute to the process. All students have different personalities and interests that contribute to differences in learning. Students learn differently because of different factors like motivation and behavior. A factor that can contribute to learning is a person’s physical and social support system. The better a support system a student has the more likely they will attend and participate in education.
I believe that all students have a different IQ and that is a strong factor in their learning. An IQ test is a general measure of cognitive functioning. IQ stores are correlated with course grades, scores on achievement tests, years of education, job performance, lifetime income, health and longevity and is negatively correlated with crime. Intelligence has a heritable and environmental component. I also believe disabilities play huge roles in the ways students differ. Students with disabilities have trouble processing information effectively and some students have limited knowledge base. Students who have a disability or a learning disability are often out casted or not treated correctly and this can have a huge impact on them academically in a negative way. A recommendation of teaching that benefits the way a student learns is space learning over time. A student is more likely to succeed if they learn in several small time periods instead of less longer time periods. A second recommendation to better learning for students is interleave worked example solutions with problem-solving exercises. Students alternate between reading and already worked solutions and then try to solve problems on their own. As time goes on, it is important to decrease the number of worked problems and increase the number of problems that the students needs to solve on their own. A third recommendation is combine graphics with verbal descriptions. Graphs and figures that illustrate key processes and procedures help students understand further with a presentation in front of them. A fourth recommendation is connect and integrate abstract and concrete representations of concepts. Quizzing is a fifth recommendation to promote learning. It is essential for students to quiz themselves before instead of rereading their notes because they are more likely to retain and remember information that way. A sixth recommendation is to conduct regular study sessions where students are judged on whether or not they have learned. The last recommendation is the importance of asking deep explanatory questions.
As a teacher in order to promote learning it is important to encourage students to ask questions, answer questions and to think aloud. Students need to be challenged in order to learn. Another factor that can contribute to learning is gender. Girls are less well developed but have better fine motor skills before puberty. Girls also do better at some verbal tasks like reading, writing and vocabulary and get higher grades in school. Boys are more active and are better at visual-spatial tasks and mathematical problem solving. They spend more leisure time with technology and have greater variability overall. In an academic setting girls are more engaged and more motivated to do well in school and go to college. Boys are more willing to take academic challenges and risks and are less concerned about failure. All of these facts are not always true but are common with gender and intelligence. A student learns better and more effectively when they are actively involved in learning. In order for a student to remember what they are learning it is vital for them to have undivided attention. All students are different and learn in different ways. The different ways students learn and are taught ultimately effects why students learn things differently. I have been a student almost my entire life and I have definitely experienced times when I had extremely difficult experiences learning or very simple times learning. I believe a huge factor in something being easy or hard to learn is the way it is being taught. It is important for the teacher to be confident and let the students learn at there own pace. Student’s need to be able to ask questions in order to justify they are learning correctly. It is also important for the teacher to make sure everyone understands before moving on. I believe it is difficult to learn when a teacher is not knowledgeable on the topic and moves to quickly just to get it over with. The student will have a much harder time learning when the teacher doesn’t care about the student actually learning the material instead of just teaching it. Another factor that effects learning is what a person is interested in. I believe if a person truly loves math they will strive more in math because they care more about it and will listen and understand it easier. If a person loves science then they will also listen and understand it more and science will be an easy subject to learn. If a person absolutely hates science and doesn’t believe in the beliefs in science then it will be harder for them to learn because they will not pay attention or care as much while learning it. The ways student differ through motivation and behavior also strongly affects there learning. The first reason a student could be more motivated to learn is because of their personal life. I believe a student who has a family with high expectations can encourage a student to be more motivated to learn and succeed in school. I also believe if a student’s family is very involved in their life academically and top of them with school work it also forces a student to become more motivated to learn in order to please their family. I also believe a student can be more motivated to learn if they have high expectations of themselves individually. If a student believes on their own that it is important to succeed then they will be more motived to learn in order to make that happen. A child is also more willing to learn if it will help complete a goal they have. Performance goals result in unengaged classwork, giving up easily, negative learning strategies and a judgmental view on school and teachers. The more complex and mastery a goal is results in more dedication to learning.
A student who has a really strong goal is more likely to be motivated to learn, engage in the classroom and their school work, learn more effectively and view school in a more positive perspective. Another aspect that I believe contribute to a student’s motivation to learn is the teacher, classroom and school. If the teacher is positive and teaches in a positive classroom and school then I believe it motivates the child to learn. A positive environment and attitude can encourage students to want to learn. Another factor that contributes to motivation is rewards and punishments. When a child is rewarded, they are more motivated to do what results in rewards. Students are also motivated to avoid anything that results in punishments. A main motivation of learning is the aspect of fun. When a classroom is filled with fun, entertainment and positive attitudes a student is more likely to be motivated to learn. Behave also plays huge factors in the different ways students learn. I believe a reason some students behave better than others is based of the type of household they live in. If a child grows up learning the importance of morals and manners then they are more likely to follow them at school. Students also behave better than others because they have matured more and developed morally. Another factor that can contribute to why some students behave better than others is due to parenting styles. There are different types of parenting styles that can lead to different types of behavior. Authoritative style is emotional warm and high standards for behavior with consistent enforcement of rules and inclusion of children in decision-making. Authoritarian style is rigid rules and expectations for behavior and children are asked to obey without question. Permissive style is emotional warmth, few rules, rare consequences and how expectations of behavior. Neglectful or abusive style is few rules, little communication and little emotional involvement or support. Children with authoritative style parenting usually make friends, have concern for others, follow rules, work independently and achieve academically. More factors that can contribute to the way a student behaves is gender, culture and ethnicity. If a student has positive morality they are likely to understand what is right and wrong. They believe in honesty, fairness and have concern for others. All of these beliefs would result in good behavior. Another reason I believe students behave better than others is because of their educational environment. If a classroom has a lot of structure, realistic rules and order then students are more likely to behave well. If a teacher is unable to contain their classroom with rules and regulation then a child is more likely to misbehave.