Tag: concepts

Marxism – Althusser and Jameson Essay

Marxism – Althusser and Jameson Essay

Utopia and ideology are two most important concepts when it comes to deal with the Marxist thoughts and philosophy. The historical construction of both of these thoughts was refined through the philosophical writings of Marx and his contemporaries. Jameson’s writings on Utopia have been focused more on the failures of the Utopia rather than exploiting its strengths and weaknesses. However, both the concepts of Utopia as well as ideology are often linked and intervened with each other in the work of Jameson. His basic idea of utopia is based on the assumption that an ideological formation in any given culture or society is not possible without being implicitly considered as utopian. (Buchanan). He considered utopia both as a far cry for the future and at the same time “indictment for present” because utopia in a society can serve dual purposes. (Buchanan). Before a revolution, utopia can serve as a strong force for creating a collective vision however, in an era after revolution; it can be counter-revolutionary in nature.

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Main Concepts of Confucianism Essay

Main Concepts of Confucianism Essay

Some cultures turn to age-old teachings, like Confucianism, to guide themselves to the righteous path. Precepts handed down by Chinese philosophers, notable Confucius, guide families in upholding good virtues among their children, and help governments in promoting law and order. These were then handed down to many generations, providing inspiration and serving as guideposts that have empowered people to create positive change not just in the basic institution of society but in the community at large. Confucious sought to bring people in harmony with what he referred to as “the way.” Although Confucianism through the years has melded with other schools of thought and even authoritarian modes of government, rulers who adhered to the original teachings of Confucius nonetheless succeeded in contributing to social cohesion and in instigating peace & order, but only to a certain extent, as evidence also points to the contrary.

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