Tag: crime

Crime Measurement Essay

Crime Measurement Essay

Crime is any act or activity that is in violation of the rule of law. Violation of the established laws or rules is punishable by law and the amount and intensity of the punishment is dependent on states and the seriousness of the harm done. Measuring the level of crime is an activity that is done by any government to assess the level of crime and the effectiveness of its crime control mechanisms. If the statistics show that the level of crime in a specific country is on the increase then it means that something must be done either, the crime control mechanisms be strengthened or other factors such as economic, environmental and social factors be considered. Measuring crime is done by use of various measurement methods such as Uniform Crime Report (UCR), self reporting method and National Crime Victimization survey (NCVS) Most of crime measurement surveys rely on police records rather than the number of those in jails and prisons. This research paper is going to mainly focus on the crime measurement methods, how data used in crime measurement is collected and the shortcomings of each method. The paper will also try to analyze the reasons why it is important to measure crime prevalence.

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Media and Black Youth Essay

Media and Black Youth Essay

Present project seeks to provide thorough analysis of black youth representation in mass media and specifically media coverage of male black youth crime. The basic methodological dilemma, which drew the research is whether mass media’ function according to postmodernism to raise moral panic and distort the real picture of male black youth crime, or in contrast serve as a valuable instrument for understanding the black youth culture.
There is no denying the importance of the fact, that postmodernist mass media is characterized by the essential influence of commercialization ideology, focusing on consumption, entertainment, leisure, rather than addressing crucial social problems. Moreover, its discursive messages are significantly impacted by dominant prejudices, cultural codes and ideologies, which distort genuine order of things in society (Campbell 1995). Postmodernist mass media, notwithstanding their evidently commercial nature, are political in essence and play a primary role in manufacturing ideological and social consensus, concerning the status of black people and their inherent characteristics (Chomsky and Herman 2002).

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Approaches toward Crime and Media Essay

Approaches toward Crime and Media Essay

The relationship of media and crime is often debated on different forums. The sociologists have also tried to define the interrelationship of media and crime, and their impacts on each other in number of ways. There are three prominent approaches in this regard. ‘Ill effect theory’ of media’s impact on crime speaks about the impact of terror and violence in the media on youth. Moral panic theory focuses on the distortion of reality by the media for its own benefits and postmodern theories are concentrating on cultural differences to define the deviant behavior of the society.

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Effect Of Organized Crime On Violent Crime Essay Example

Effect Of Organized Crime On Violent Crime Essay Example

… of another person for the intention of sexual arousal. Rape is unnatural sexual intercourse or intercourse without the victims permission. It is a violent crime, therefore, in some circumstances; force, threats, and fear are used to overwhelm along with power the victim. The victim may be clutched, hit or …

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Cyber Crime Graphs Essay Sample

Cyber Crime Graphs Essay Sample

… computer crime, which has cost them millions of dollars.
According to Peter Lilley, author of “Hacked, Attacked and Abused: Digital Crime Exposed,” the business world is completely dependent on technology but many users are ignorant of the risks involved with it (p. 124). These risks include organized digital crime, cyber laundering, hacking, cracking, worms, denial of service attacks, viruses, web site defacement, unauthorized disclosure of confidential information, and many more. Countless companies have suffered severe reputation, legal and financial consequences due to computer crimes.
Security flaws on three things: lack of money, lack of training and lack of knowledge (Loundry …

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Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice Essay

Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice Essay

Drug-use has negative and fatal effects both to users and the society. But the information presented in the news report in question seems to have overblown these effects.

First, the report says that marijuana today is more dangerous than how it was perceived in the 1960s and 1970s. It is not true that marijuana in the 1960s and 1970s are more dangerous than the marijuana used today. Potency data from researches in the 1980s until present show no significant increase in the THC content of marijuana. Even if it is true that there is an actual increase in the potency of the present marijuana, it would not necessarily make marijuana more dangerous because variations in THC content would still produce the same effects. (Drug Policy Alliance Network, 2009). In addition, that marijuana was perceived to be more dangerous in the 1960s and 1970s could be attributed to the fact that it was only during those times that early research on the harmful effects of marijuana was being done. People may not be as aware of these effects before as they are now, especially with all the present legislations already established that propagate the idea not only of the unlawfulness of its use but indirectly, its harmfulness. (History of Marijuana Legislation, n.d.; CoDeist2009, 2009).

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Criminology Scenarios Essay

Criminology Scenarios Essay

… moral sense and were more predisposed to crime because of their “impulsiveness, fickleness, puerile vanity, love for external appearance and triviality.”
Lombroso’s writings had a strong influence on the late 19th century growth of criminal sociology, as seen in texts like Dugdale’s The Jukes and Goddard’s The Kallilaks Family. These books were seen as proof that criminal behavior ran in families. Today’s criminal system, however, regards crime as a rational choice rather than involuntary behavior.
However, even if Lombroso’s writings have been disproven, he is credited with introducing scientific study to the field of criminology. In addition, the studies conducted to discredit Lombroso’s work have also contributed to the dominance of rational choice and the role of environmental factors in causing crime.

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Crime Statistics Essay

Crime Statistics Essay

… example Alexandra Mark’s article “US Crime Rate Up, Ending Decade of Decline” in The Christian Science Monitor; the author has compared the crime rate of the year 2002 to the previous decades. Although most of the statistics used in the article are accurate a few lines analyzing the statistics cause the reader to be misled creating a psychological motivation to read on. Factually crime rates have decreased significantly and according to the statistics released by the Justice Department they will continue to decrease. However, the author has made the statement that the rime rate has increased “for the first …

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Crime Canada Us Essay

Crime Canada Us Essay

… fundamental rights in most all cultures. However, different industrialized cultures see the right to free speech in different ways and have different restrictions on it. However, in no case, does it appear that the right to free speech is an absolute, and this is particularly true in the United States and Canada.
The United States and Canadian societies are based upon the basic promise of freedom of speech and the exercise of human rights and indulgence.

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Crime And Programs To Reduce Recidivism Essay Example

Crime And Programs To Reduce Recidivism Essay Example

… training in life skills to juveniles, even offering them a place to live, so they can get away from their old environment. Independent living programs allow juvenile offenders to progress toward adulthood while receiving the assistance and counseling they so desperately need. While the Federal Independent Living Program provides only …

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Computer Hacking A Crime Of Today S World Essay Example

Computer Hacking A Crime Of Today S World Essay Example

computer and cannot be shared with others. However, many people lend software to their friends or install it on entire networks. This is a crime.
Today, computer crime includes a variety of things, ranging from malicious code, such as viruses and worms, to human threats, such as hackers. These attacks …

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Non-Conventional Terrorism Essay

Non-Conventional Terrorism Essay

Modern day terrorists have evolved to the point where they now choose to use as many means as possible to achieve their objectives. Modern day terrorists are now no longer choosing to opt for traditional terrorism techniques but are now launching attacks on fronts that are relatively unconventional if one was to compare them to their customary terrorism techniques (Combs, 1996).

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Children And Professional Wrestling Essay Sample

Children And Professional Wrestling Essay Sample

… the future politicians, doctors, and evangelists that will grow up to lead the world. They are the people who will eventually cure disease, invent marvelous contraptions and change the world. By all intents and purposes children are the world’s most precious commodity and those in the United Kingdom are included in the lot. However throughout the history of the United Kingdom children for the most part …

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Madoff Scandal Essay

Madoff Scandal Essay

Madoff’s scandal is one of the largest fraud scandal ever recorded in the world history especially during this time when the world is facing the greatest economic depression and recession. This may be regarded as one of the shocking event which has helped to shape the direction of the economy in the United states of America(Frank,Robert,2008) .The revelation comes as an ironic step since the ones who brew the whistle were his own sons who were also learning the business together with his father. Although the fraud occurred, there are a lot of controversies which currently surrounds this fraudster issue in the United States of America. Although Madoff got arrested so as to help recover the fraud money, this will prove to be having some negative effects especially to the markets of the United States of America respectively. The liquidatations may be facing the redemptions and this may serve as one of the negative effect as it will serve as the barrier of the stock exchange growth (Jagger, Suzy, 2008). This paper tries to bring out the general cause of the scandal which contributed to a lot of losses to the customers involved and the economy of the United States of America. At the same time this paper will try to analyze the consequences of this scandal in general to the future of the United States of America respectively.

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Bowling For Columbine School Essay

Bowling For Columbine School Essay

… in depth exploration of guns and the way that they have been employed throughout the United States. Within this paper, facts and figures will be presented which will show how guns have created a culture of fear throughout the U …

… unregulated places wherein almost anyone can buy a gun. In Michael Moore’s excellent documentary on American gun culture “Bowling for Columbine,” Moore exposes a bank which provides its customers with a free gun simply for opening a new account …

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Background Information On Female Serial Killers Essay Sample

Background Information On Female Serial Killers Essay Sample

… CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Within Chapter One, an overview of the study will be provided. Initially, relevant background information will be presented. This will be followed by a statement of the problem. Subsequently, the purpose and the objectives of the study will then be outlined. The rationale for the study will be presented, followed by definition of key terms and a discussion of the limitations of the study. …

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Australian Crime And Punishment Murder Statistics Essay Example

Australian Crime And Punishment Murder Statistics Essay Example

… , has existed in almost every society since ancient history. For the individual who fails to comply with social mores death has often been his punishment. In early history punishment by death was used to please the gods and ward off evil. In modern society capital punishment is used as retribution …

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Alcohol Related Crimes 2004 Essay

Alcohol Related Crimes 2004 Essay

… seems that the tobacco advertiser is trying to say that the use of tobacco is going to make other people appear to be attractive as well.
Sports figures in alcohol advertisements are very misleading and manipulative I have seen many advertisements with sports figures visiting with friends and using alcohol and the presence of the sports figure seems to indicate that the use of the alcohol is going to create a strong person. I also dislike the ad with the bull running into the store. It is silly, but it does create the false impression that drinking the malt liquor …

… about this, and they have placed some voluntary warnings on their packages.

3. It is clear that a total ban on alcohol advertising by the four prong test would not be allowed. The activity is legal and though the government does have a strong interest in ending alcohol related deaths and crimes and stopping the health hazards of alcohol abuse, there are ways to further the interests of the government without a complete ban. Educational programs, laws restricting alcohol use, punishments for alcohol abuse, and generalized media campaigns can all be used to motivate people away form the use of …

An Examination of Criminal Offenders Statistics Essay

An Examination of Criminal Offenders Statistics Essay

The Bureau of Justice Statistics keeps track of statistics associated with criminal offenders. These statistics record a variety of different information pertaining to the processing and imprisonment of criminal offenders in the United States. The Bureau also keeps track of the prevalence of imprisonment as well as the lifetime likelihood of spending time in a prison facility. The most recent data included analyzes these trends during the year 2001. On December 31, 2001 it was estimated that approximately 5.6 million adults had spend time in prison. Of these, 4.3 million were former prisoners while the remaining 1.3 million were still in prison.

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Abortion 60s Russia Essay

Abortion 60s Russia Essay

… what exactly contrasts this movement from earlier ones. Even the Red Brigades and Weathermen were violent, however, during the last generation, the Islamic terrorists have surpassed the most violent terrorist groups of the past (Panitch 12). Although, there are other groups such as the anti-abortionists who blow up abortion clinics and militia groups who attack government buildings, the Islamic fundamentalists and those countries that support them that seem to be the greatest threat in the world (Panitch 12). Not only for the United States, but for every industrialist country on the globe, as is evident by the ‘subway chemical …

… agenda to achieve, they are simply attacking capitalist nations based on religious doctrine. Aside from the suicide mentality that many possess, they have access to chemical warfare that was unheard of a generation of (Panitch pg). Only the major forces in the world such as the United States and Russia had access to such warfare, now there is hardly as terrorists group in the world who are not able to buy nuclear devices as well as chemical warfare (Panitch pg).
The most recent report, December 9, 2002, states that the “official line from Brussels is the war against terrorism remains …

Criminology Essay “What is criminology?”

Criminology Essay “What is criminology?”

Criminal activities have remained rampant in the society for a very long period of time. Many leaders have dedicated their time in fighting against crime. Although this war has been intensified in recent decades, many analysts have argued that the war if too far from being won. This trend has led to lowering of security levels with new discoveries being sought to unravel the exact causes of criminal behavior in the society (Siegel, 2005). These discoveries include the use integrated techniques to catch up with criminals while committing crime or after being investigated. The ability of identifying criminals after undertaking acts of violence solely depends on capability incorporating different disciplines in dealing with criminal activities. These efforts have however received a boost from the department of criminology whose growth has been exponentially described.

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A Soldier S Home Critics Essay Sample

A Soldier S Home Critics Essay Sample

Describes the pressure put on the Peninsula Arabian states by Moslem radical groups.

… The Political Framework Of Islam

The Peninsula states of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Oman are under growing pressure from outspoken critics who use the language and authority of Islam in these overwhelmingly conservative Muslim societies to call for political and economic reform. The rise of a radically activist Islamic politics predates the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, but Sunni and …

… unknown groups–the Tigers of the Gulf, the Ansar Allah, and the Islamic Movement for Change–claimed responsibility for the attacks and threatened to continue them “until the departure of the last American soldier” from Saudi Arabia.
· Recurrent unrest in Bahrain, including street demonstrations, bombings, and arson fires. In January, following several days of protests, the government arrested a leading Shia cleric and several hundred supporters allegedly …

… with the majority of the populations under the age of 16 and with transitions underway in several countries as a newer, younger group claims leadership.
· Surfing the Net by dissidents abroad and at home, enabling easy passage of information about local conditions, organizational activities, requests for money and other forms of assistance, and operational instructions. Regimes no longer have the capability to block out news by simply …

A Hazard Of New Fortunes Essay Sample

A Hazard Of New Fortunes Essay Sample

… September 11 terrorism attacks, it continues to be a potential target. Bomb threats are also often in large and important buildings. With so many of these in New York City, it becomes more vulnerable to an attack. The potential damage by such an event also makes it a significant hazard. Since this event is not a natural one, it is preventable. This could be achieved by setting up systems for individuals to report anything suspicious. This could include educating people on what types of activities they should report. Buildings that are targets could also implement systems to check for anything …

… are damaged, preventing access to damaged areas. With these plans in place, these problems can be overcome and action taken more quickly. This can make rescue and evacuation quicker, reducing the impact of the event.
This concludes the consideration of the five hazards that are considered most significant for New York City. These hazards are significant based on how likely they are to occur and how much impact they are likely to have if they do occur. Consideration of each hazard has shown that a lot can be done to either prevent them from happening, or to minimize the damage …

911 Terrorism On America Essay Sample

911 Terrorism On America Essay Sample

… decided precinct commanders no longer had to assign cops to walk neighborhood beats(Queen, 2002). These decisions, along with the fact it now takes police more than 10 minutes to respond to a 911 call for a crime in progress in Queens, have touched off a series of protests by civic groups and politicians(Queen, 2002). So maybe Safir could learn something from the conference in sunny …

… Force Col. Michael Licata.

Licata, now an ROTC instructor at Dickinson High School in Jersey City, decided after Sept. 11 to develop a program that would enlist ordinary people in the fight against terrorism. The effort relies heavily on Licatas own savings account as well as the volunteer services of police officers such as Fay. And its catching on.

More than 100 New Jersey police …

… their neighborhoods. They emphasized that terrorists can be of any race or nationality, showing pictures of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh and suspected abortion clinic bomber Eric Rudolph.

“We want you to judge America with pride, not prejudice, Fay said.

The officers urged the attendees to become familiar with typical patterns of behavior in their neighborhoods, such as when postal workers deliver the mail.

“When you spot …

20th Century Female Poets Essay Example

20th Century Female Poets Essay Example

… chapter will conclude with an outline of the remaining chapters.
Relevant Background Information
Increasingly, female offenders and issues associated with their incarceration have been identified as a problem of concern. Evidence suggests that female offenders represent a growing population within the US penal system. Between 1986 and 1991, the number of female inmates in state prisons increased 75 percent (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1994). Between 1981 and …

… indicated that this occurred in the North as a consequence of mens absence during wartime, the rise of industrialization, as well as the impact of the dominant sexual ideology of the nineteenth century Victorianism. According to Freedman, Victorianism created a double standard in that it supported the criminalization of certain behaviors for women but not for men. By mid-century, as reported by Rafter, the spiraling …

… Medical attention was rarely available. Women were either left totally idle or forced into hard labor. Women with mental problems were locked in solitary confinement and ignored.
According to Freedman (1981), as the 20th century unfolded, industrialization was in full swing, bringing fundamental changes in social relations as well the emergence of the Progressive reform movement. It was in this context that reformatories for women proliferated. The …