Tag: ecology

Critical Appraisal of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as a framework for Promoting International Development. Essay

Critical Appraisal of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as a framework for Promoting International Development. Essay

Introduction

The UN global conferences of the 1990s raised social, economic and environmental issues facing both the developed and developing world today. As a result in September 2000 the Millennium Declaration was adopted unanimously by all the 189 UN member nations. This declaration included eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs; table 1.) which can be seen as broad goals to be achieved by 2015, subdivided into 15 targets. 48 indicators were chosen to monitor these targets, and these indicators had to meet the following 5 criteria: 1) Provide relevant and robust measurements of progress towards the targets of millennium development goals, 2) be clear and straightforward to interpret and provide a basis for international comparison, 3) be broadly consistent with other global lists and avoid imposing an unnecessary burden on country teams, Governments and other partners 4) be based to the greatest possible extent on international standards, recommendations and best practices and 5) be constructed from well-established data sources, be quantifiable and be consistent to enable measurement through time (UNDP,2003).

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Good environmental policy seeks to establish ‘the greatest good for the greatest number for the longest time’. Essay

Good environmental policy seeks to establish ‘the greatest good for the greatest number for the longest time’. Essay

It is important to remind ourselves of the assumptions that have culturally shaped ‘the good’. In Western philosophy, its etymology has Aristotlean origins but, in many respects, its more contemporary derivation rests on Thomas Hobbes: ‘whatsoever is the object of a man’s appetite or desire, that is it which he for his part calleth good [1]. This then has become the utilitarian final end at which the individual actions of the ‘greatest number’ must aim the satisfaction of ‘appetite or desire.’ It is an ethic of unmitigated consumption that has squandered much and preserved little. I shall spend time examining the implications of this social theory as applied to environmental ethics by Gifford Pinchot and the reactions to it from some environmentalists.

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Industrial Hemp It Should Be Legal Essay Sample

Industrial Hemp It Should Be Legal Essay Sample

… thus the people of the town decided to raise a voice against industries that would dump chemical waste in water hubs of the town. Thus Civil Action revolves around this case and how it was fought. National Research Council in 1991 found that there was absolutely no connection between industrial waste dumping and water supply of this area. There were no traces of contamination due to chemical exposure because most industries were using dumping points, which minimized the risk of exposure to chemicals.
This case involved a successful lawyer Jan Schlichtmann who decided to represent the people of Woburn, Massachusetts …

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Oil Drilling In Alaska Debate Essay Sample

Oil Drilling In Alaska Debate Essay Sample

… limit to the push for more harvesting. In an attempt to restore fading fish stocks, the NEFMC (in the 1990s) began reducing the number of days fishermen could work the sea (“days at sea,” DAS). The actual result of these curtailments is a subject for debate. There is no debate however, that between the years 1992 to 1997, the number of fish processing plants in Massachusetts dipped from 130 to 75.
And with that background, we return to 2003, and present-day realities for Gloucester. A very restrictive new set of fishing restrictions, Amendment 13, that was to go into …

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Strategic Management Paper Essay Sample

Strategic Management Paper Essay Sample

This paper aims to provide information on Environmental Littering. To give an idea of this paper’s topic, the term “Litter” is defined in the following introduction. Included in this paper are the various strategies and approaches for proper prevention and disposal of litters to help maintain a healthy …

… were designed and developed aiming the prevention of wastes proliferation. Most of such programs invite communities to get involved in activities helping keep environment free of litter.

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Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Definition Essay Sample

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Definition Essay Sample

… polluter in terms of green house gases and automobile exhaust fumes in the world.
In addition advertisements and television brought to a wide variety of people a view of how some of the richer more advanced countries lived and operated. This has created resentment against the American economy and way of life, by many of the countries that are forced to curb their industrial and domestic pollution levels.
Most scientists and climatologists working with data related to the climate and the weather believe that the temperature of the earth is constantly increasing.

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Summary Of The Exxon Valdez Incident Essay Sample

Summary Of The Exxon Valdez Incident Essay Sample

… to sink into the ocean water.
The Sargasso Sea is a major catch basin for much of the Atlantic’s oil pollution, along with solid wastes (Whipple 174). During a cruise to study the organisms in this region, Woods Hole oceanographers found the sargasso weed coated with oil (Whipple 174). They had to suspend operations because of tar balls-floating asphalt-like agglomerations of oil that clogged …

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The Causes And Affects Of Water Pollution Essay Sample

The Causes And Affects Of Water Pollution Essay Sample

… for people. This unsettles the land for the animals and they have to fight for their survival. This disturbs the entire ecosystem drastically. If the rainforests are completely deforested, in the next 25 years, the majority of world’s species …

… living in the dark and humid environment of the rainforests. They can’t live out in the open. It affects the natural process of pollination and plants growth as birds and other animal species can’t cross from one canopy …

… grow properly. This results in a lot of the species getting extinct.

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Treatments Of Water Pollution Essay Sample

Treatments Of Water Pollution Essay Sample

… contaminated by pollutants. Construction and agricultural sites can cause soil fungus spores to become airborne, leading to Valley fever. These spores are inhaled by otters and humans, leading to death from pneumonia. Otters can be infected with toxoplasmosis, which some feel may be a result of sewage in the water. The main organism that is infecting the sea otter is the Acanthocephalan worm. This worm infects the sand crab as in intermediate host, and is then consumed by the otter. Though otters usually do not feed in the shallow areas where the crab lives, the increase in numbers of otters …

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Us Family Law Research Paper Essay Sample

Us Family Law Research Paper Essay Sample

… This paper attempts to study several aspects of the case within the context of environmental pollution and law, or more specifically toxic tort litigation. It also aims to study the impact of group or community pressure. The paper concludes by discussing the impact of this case upon the environment, environmental health and the legal system within the context of environmental litigation.

A Civil Action
INTRODUCTION
Jonathan Harr’ …

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Water Harvesting Essay Sample

Water Harvesting Essay Sample

… they swim in fresh water that is infected with the parasite (www.applesnail.net). The snail ahs been very effective in its business goal of controlling this parasite that has infected over 200,000 million people, but the animal consistently engages in hostile takeovers, preemptive strikes, and milking and harvesting strategies that some of the clients in the market find very frustrating and threatening, but is geared toward its own survival and the Apple Snail continues to adapt and evolve to its changing freshwater and land markets and should be seen s a service provider to man instead of a …

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Water Sports Essay Sample

Water Sports Essay Sample

… Florida’s coastlines attract millions of people every year who come to the beaches for sun, water and the abundance of activities offered by the beaches, including picnicking, water sports, fishing, snorkeling, or just relaxing. However, most of Florida’s visitors do not consider the effect that their activities have on the environment and the coastline’s marine life.
Even the smallest picnics can be harmful to the environment. If people leave litter behind, wind may cause the litter to fall into the water, where it poses a threat to the marine life. For example, a loggerhead sea turtle could …

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The Causes And Affects Of Water Pollution Essay Example

The Causes And Affects Of Water Pollution Essay Example

… for people. This unsettles the land for the animals and they have to fight for their survival. This disturbs the entire ecosystem drastically. If the rainforests are completely deforested, in the next 25 years, the majority of worlds species …

… living in the dark and humid environment of the rainforests. They can’t live out in the open. It affects the natural process of pollination and plants growth as birds and other animal species can’t cross from one canopy …

Read More Read More

Summary Of The Exxon Valdez Incident

Summary Of The Exxon Valdez Incident

… to sink into the ocean water.
The Sargasso Sea is a major catch basin for much of the Atlantics oil pollution, along with solid wastes (Whipple 174). During a cruise to study the organisms in this region, Woods Hole oceanographers found the sargasso weed coated with oil (Whipple 174). They had to suspend operations because of tar balls-floating asphalt-like agglomerations of oil that clogged …

Read More Read More

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Definition Essay Sample

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion Definition Essay Sample

… polluter in terms of green house gases and automobile exhaust fumes in the world.
In addition advertisements and television brought to a wide variety of people a view of how some of the richer more advanced countries lived and operated. This has created resentment against the American economy and way of life, by many of the countries that are forced to curb their industrial and domestic pollution levels.

Read More Read More

Strategic Management Paper Free

Strategic Management Paper Free

… ABSTRACT

This paper aims to provide information on Environmental Littering. To give an idea of this papers topic, the term Litter is defined in the following introduction. Included in this paper are the various strategies and approaches for proper prevention and disposal of litters to help maintain a healthy …

… were designed and developed aiming the prevention of wastes proliferation. Most of such programs invite communities to get involved in activities helping keep environment free of litter.

Read More Read More

Oil Drilling In Alaska Debate Essay

Oil Drilling In Alaska Debate Essay

… limit to the push for more harvesting. In an attempt to restore fading fish stocks, the NEFMC (in the 1990s) began reducing the number of days fishermen could work the sea (days at sea, DAS). The actual result of these curtailments is a subject for debate. There is no debate however, that between the years 1992 to 1997, the number of fish processing plants in Massachusetts dipped from 130 to 75.
And with that background, we return to 2003, and present-day realities for Gloucester. A very restrictive new set of fishing restrictions, Amendment 13, that was to go into …

Read More Read More

Industrial Hemp It Should Be Legal Essay Sample

Industrial Hemp It Should Be Legal Essay Sample

… thus the people of the town decided to raise a voice against industries that would dump chemical waste in water hubs of the town. Thus Civil Action revolves around this case and how it was fought. National Research Council in 1991 found that there was absolutely no connection between industrial waste dumping and water supply of this area. There were no traces of contamination due to chemical exposure because most industries were using dumping points, which minimized the risk of exposure to chemicals.
This case involved a successful lawyer Jan Schlichtmann who decided to represent the people of Woburn, Massachusetts …

Read More Read More

India Environmental Problems Essay Sample

India Environmental Problems Essay Sample

… Weapons, new bacteria and pollutants affect the health of specific groups of people and fauna/flora and raise the level of risk. The profile of businesss responsibility (general and for individuals) for environmental stewardship is raised. “Business” has responsibility of a scale different from the average citizen. An individuals business decisions may add to a trend particularly where he/she controls potentially damaging technology. Compare …

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Global Warming Argumentative Paper

Global Warming Argumentative Paper

… is sustainable only up to a certain point. Most experts are in agreement that the point would be reached very soon. There are numerous negative ramifications of excessive population growth. Some of the more important sociological and environmental threats associated with such excessive population growth are discussed in this paper.
Poverty
There are several factors responsible for poverty, but overpopulation brought about by an excessive population growth rate is one of its leading causes. Poverty is usually the result of high population density (such as in Bangladesh that has a population density of more than 950 persons per sq. km …

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Megacities Essay

Megacities Essay

With the development and urbanization of the megacities there has been a simultaneous increment in the environmental issues concerning these cities. These environmental issues have not only effected these cites but the regions around them. These issues are now the major obstacles in the way of the sustained development of these megacities.

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Crab Essay Sample

Crab Essay Sample

… decrease when they consume fish that are contaminated by pollutants. Construction and agricultural sites can cause soil fungus spores to become airborne, leading to Valley fever. These spores are inhaled by otters and humans, leading to death from pneumonia. Otters can be infected with toxoplasmosis, which some feel may be a result of sewage in the water. The main organism that is infecting the sea otter is the Acanthocephalan worm. This worm infects the sand crab as in intermediate host, and is then consumed by the otter. Though otters usually do not feed in the shallow areas where the crab lives, the increase in numbers of otters and decline in their natural food, has forced the otter to forge for food in this area.

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Components Of The Ecosystem In The Rainforests Essay Example

Components Of The Ecosystem In The Rainforests Essay Example

… aren’t helped when the deforested areas are used to create settlements for people. This unsettles the land for the animals and they have to fight for their survival. This disturbs the entire ecosystem drastically. If the rainforests are completely deforested, in the next 25 years, the majority of world’s species including various kinds of plants, animals and microorganisms will be wiped out. It is reported …

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Bombay’s Air Pollutants Essay Example

Bombay’s Air Pollutants Essay Example

… Air Pollution Technology

Though air quality has improved over the past decades, air pollution continues to adversely affect the environment and people’s health. Poor air quality causes asthma, lung cancer and other cardiopulmonary diseases. Pollution also reduces visibility, taints the soil and damages wild habitat.

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The Kyoto Protocol Essay

The Kyoto Protocol Essay

The protocol which was intended at committing the industrialized countries at reducing the emissions of the green house gases was adopted in Japan at a place called Kyoto and hence the protocol is known as the Kyoto Protocol. Its adoption was on the eleventh day of December 1997. The protocol did not come into force until the sixteenth day of February 2005. Kyoto Protocol has a total of one hundred and eighty four members who have so far ratified it to date (Faure, Gupta, & Nentjes pp 98).

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