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Kinship and Social Stratification Essay

Kinship and Social Stratification Essay

Eskimos live their lives following the lineal kinship. It is a type of kinship that follows the descent of someone through a common ancestor but Eskimos do not subscribe to either matrilineal or patrilineal ways of reckoning descent, instead, they are bilineal. This means that descent through both the mother and the father side are deemed equally important and they give more importance on the distance in kinship. The Eskimos kinship patterns (lineal kinship) were first identified by Louis Henry Morgan Systems of Consanguinity, and Affinity of the Human Family, 1871 (Eskimo Kinship, n.d.) The Eskimos, because of their emphasis on the bilineal pattern of kinship, also emphasize the nuclear family – that is, they directly identify only the father, the mother, the son/s, and the daughter/s, thus collateral relatives (or those not in the direct line of descent like cousins), are grouped into another category (Kinship and Descent, n.d.)

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