Tag: theory

Ethic Theorys Of Public Administration

Ethic Theorys Of Public Administration

… Portland Development Commission provides a readable and valuable budget to the public that leaves the agency in a position of being accountable to the public.
Benway’s Guidelines
Benways guidelines for public budgeting provide a guide for effective budgeting that create accountability to the public while making the administration of the budget and measuring its relative performance simpler as well. This budget is prepared well within Benways guidelines and it is an exemplary example of public budgeting.
Comprehensive: This budget is comprehensive in that it reflects all of the activities of the Portland Development Commission and breaks them …

Read More Read More

Essays About Traditional And Modern Societies And Individualism And Collectivism

Essays About Traditional And Modern Societies And Individualism And Collectivism

… commerce, which were very similar in many ways, yet different in others.
Renowned philosopher David Hume’s Political Discourses essays presented an argument against the mercantilist theory, which insisted on retaining money only in one’s own country (Penelhaum, 1995 …

… was the leading principle of Enlightenment thought.

Enlightenment thought strengthened the idea of moderation, as it provided alternatives to traditional theories, arguing it was possible to seek a life of virtue outside of government regulations. Many of the Enlightenment philosophers …

Read More Read More

Essay Papers On Lighting Safety

Essay Papers On Lighting Safety

… a written examination – the Theory Test. The current Theory Test was designed in 1985. This version initiates multiple-choice items in place of the previous test that included true/false items and an essay paper. One of the reasons for a change to multiple choices was to enable the test to be simply updated following changes in regulations. The resulting Theory Test was a pencil and paper, …

Read More Read More

Modern Conspiracy Theories Essay

Modern Conspiracy Theories Essay

Is America obsessed with conspiracy theories? More importantly, why is America obsessed with conspiracy theories and what makes these theories persist?

From the word conspire, meaning “to combine secretly especially for unlawful purposes” (Webster’s Dictionary, 1990, p. 208), conspiracy theories are attempts to “explain an event/s as being the result of a plot by covert groups or organizations”. (Dictionary Reference). Conspiracy theories abound and span an extremely wide spectrum of subject matters — from worldwide conspiracies, to finance, religion, politics, wars, UFOs to the most recent 9/11 terrorist attacks. In short, conspiracy theories may cover just about anything that one can think of. Surprisingly, these theories have been in existence since the dawn of 20th century with the 1918 panic of the US Central Bank as a much-debated conspiracy theory subject.

Read More Read More

Montessori Education Essay

Montessori Education Essay

The nature and quality of the interactions that an infant has with his or her caregiver is crucial in determining the emotional and social development of a child. This is accordance to the attachment theory which traces its roots to John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. The theory was pioneered and formulated by Bowlby but it is Ainsworth innovativeness that would expound and test the major tenets outlined by Bowlby. This theory has focused on the importance of a good relationship and responsiveness of the caregiver to the child, giving her a sense of security that will go a long way in molding its thoughts and personality in the adult life.

Read More Read More

Atkinson’s Motivation Theory Essay

Atkinson’s Motivation Theory Essay

Achievement motivation has been defined as “the desire to demonstrate competence in activities” (Alexander and Winne, 2006, p.352). This desire to achieve is one of the psychological needs that motivates or drives behaviour. A major achievement motivation theory is the expectancy –value theory, which was put forward by Atkinson, Feather, and Raynor. Based on previous work carried out by researchers such as Kurt Lewin, Atkinson determined that individuals attach levels of aspirations to particular tasks, and that success raises the level of aspiration, while failure lowers it.

Read More Read More

Motor Development Exam

Motor Development Exam

1) The process through which a baby learns how to move and control most its body parts and muscles to enable it stand up, hold its head up, pick a toy or sit up is referred to as motor development while motor control and learning is the study of how an individual’s brain executes muscle movements within the body.

Read More Read More

Different Schools Of Management Theory Essay Sample

Different Schools Of Management Theory Essay Sample

… . The 60 credit hours are devoted to required and elective business courses. Core business courses are taken during the student’s junior year and include: Organizational Behavior Theory in Management, Business Law, Corporate Strategy, Economics of Enterprise, Financial Management, Introductory Probability and Statistics, Computer Information Systems, Marketing Management, Operations Management, and Principles of Financial and Managerial Accounting. As is evident within the description of core courses, computer …

Read More Read More

Organization Theory Essay

Organization Theory Essay

This is a modern theory of an organization or firm which states that the goals and activities of an organization or firm are the results of its organizational structure. Organization theory challenges the traditional assumption by many organizations of profit maximization by management, which is usually seen as the content to earn just satisfactory profits (Burrell and Morgan 1979; Hatch 2006).

Read More Read More

Nietzsche’s Theory Essay

Nietzsche’s Theory Essay

Nietzsche is one of the most important influences on the modern thinking in philosophy and provided different insights into the most important aspects of human nature. His writings were mainly focused on issues which are still considered as the most important and sensitive issues faced by the humanity. His writings included a great philosophical discussion on the role of religion and morality as well as on the existence of God. His proclamation that God is dead was one of the most profound statements in the history of philosophy as it directly attacked the popular thoughts in Christianity at that time. His basic thoughts on the Christianity and how Christian institutions including Church failed to represent the true nature of the Jesus were great shift into the overall attitude towards Church.

Read More Read More

Normal and Abnormal Personalities Essay

Normal and Abnormal Personalities Essay

Extroverted Thinking

An aunt from the mother’s side could best describe a person possessing extroverted thinking. She has her activities for the day all planned out in schedules. She also pays attention to the details of activities of people she is living with. She knows when something is missing in a particular situation, like things, persons, events, etc.

Read More Read More

Comparison Rousseau Locke Hobbes Essay Example

Comparison Rousseau Locke Hobbes Essay Example

… what we now call social contract theory. Following Hobbes’s lead, social contract theory then went in two distinct directions. Locke argued that humans were bound by divinely commanded natural law, which would give a foundation for justice in a society. Jean-Jacques Rousseau took the premise in a very different direction.
Rousseau’s version of social contract theory begins with the concept of individual freedom and immediately flies in the face of Hobbes’ main argument. Rousseau, unlike Hobbes, believed that humanity, in its unadulterated form, would not automatically find itself in a state of war. In fact, Rousseau is …

Read More Read More

Chimpanzoo Intelligence Essay Example

Chimpanzoo Intelligence Essay Example

… common yet they are each respected as possible explanations for the human intelligence.
The theory of Howard Gardner of intelligence is based in the belief that there are actually multiple types of intelligence and rather than narrow the areas of measurement to one or two the world should recognize and encourage all seven of the intelligence factors.

Read More Read More

Use Of Derivatives In Risk Management Essay

Use Of Derivatives In Risk Management Essay

PROBLEM STATEMENT

To identify the use of derivatives in managing the different myriad risks that every business faces since their inception.

PURPOSE STATEMENT

The purpose of this research is to highlight the concept of derivatives and its applications in minimizing the risk. This paper also focuses on different derivates and some arising issues related with risk management from the eye light of real business world.

Read More Read More

Formulation Management Theory Essay

Formulation Management Theory Essay

Theory formulation happens in 2 key stages: descriptive; and normative, with each stage having 3 steps. Terminologies like utility hypothesis within economics, plus contingency hypothesis within the systemization of plans, for instance, really refer merely to a particular stage within the process of developing theories. The explanatory phase of hypothesis formulation entails a preliminary stage since researchers usually initially traverse it before developing superior normative theories. When developing descriptive hypotheses, researchers use steps like: observation; association; and categorization.

Read More Read More

Challenging Elizabeth Kubler Ross Theories Essay

Challenging Elizabeth Kubler Ross Theories Essay

… when we learn to transmute and “adapt to the needs of our society” (The American Heritage Dictionary) through the lifetime experiences of interaction and socializing. Though this is just one meaning of the challenging, learning and hard-to-define process of socialization but the one that makes most sense to me. Hence socialization equips us with the “knowledge of culture, achievement orientations, cognitive competence, emotions and sexual …

Read More Read More

Major Trade Theories Essay

Major Trade Theories Essay

In standard economic theory, partial equilibrium analysis of international trade place the foremost role in understanding how the world operates through the eyes of economists. In fact, it falls under the umbrella of the standard trade theory which modern students of analytical economics based their further studies from. It is the objective of this paper to compare the three major international trade theories which have served as the major blocks for further research and analysis of modern economics. And although many economists disagree with such theories, and in fact many other economists have those alternatives to such partial equilibrium analysis that had their first propagated by the Chicago school of economics, these models are still considered the dominant models and those which are accepted into classic new economic thought. It is therefore the objective of this paper to understand, indicating, and analyze these three theories of absolute advantage, comparative advantage, and the Heckscher-Ohlin factor endowment of international trade.

Read More Read More

Machiavelli’s Revolution: Modernity as Control and Self-Interest

Machiavelli’s Revolution: Modernity as Control and Self-Interest

Machiavelli represents a major break from the traditions of both classical and medieval social theory. Since the medievals were basing their work to a great extent on either Plato or Aristotle (speaking generally), the classics were merely extended into the medieval period. This paper will seek to describe the nature of this break. All below citations are from Michael Morgan (ed), Classics of Moral and Political Theory, published by Hackett in 2005.

Read More Read More

Biology Research Paper Refuting Evolution Essay

Biology Research Paper Refuting Evolution Essay

… the possibility of divine creation. This theory holds that the world was created when two atmospheres collided, creating life, as we know it. This paper aims to compare and contrast both theories, to determine which is more likely.

Introduction
For hundreds of years, scientists, philosopher, scholars and many others have …

Read More Read More

Theory And Method In The Study Of Religion

Theory And Method In The Study Of Religion

Final Reflection – Theory and Method in the Study of Religion Religion has been ever present in human history as one of the most influential and powerful forces in society. In many cases it has guided moral judgment, informed ethical dilemmas, aroused feelings essential to human well-being and happiness, organized masses, oriented entire countries toward a common goal, and shaped the scope of human experience. And yet with this indispensable role in society it is an incredibly difficult task to try and define something so immense, it still stands as an open-ended concept. If we trace the meaning of the word “religion” we will find that the Latin root speaks of “reconnection”; re meaning “again” and lig meaning “join” or “connect” (Molloy 6).

Read More Read More

Benner Nursing Theory Novice To Expert Essay

Benner Nursing Theory Novice To Expert Essay

… , they add, the results of this research should be replicated in different areas and on different populations.
Lastly, a MEDLINE review of over a dozen studies concerning the elderly and therapeutic touch shows mixed results. For example, research conducted in 2001 by JB Butts (2001), assistant professor, College of Nursing, University of Mississippi, examined whether comfort touch improved the self-esteem, well-being and social processes, health status, life satisfaction and self-actualization, and faith or belief and self-responsibility in 45 institutionalized elderly residents. Results revealed that comfort touch significantly improved the perceptions of all elements. A 1993 study …

Read More Read More

Benefit Of Banana Paper To Human Being Essay Example

Benefit Of Banana Paper To Human Being Essay Example

… argument against the liberation or protection of animals is largely logical, but the author fails to account for the “ethics of care.” While it is easy to condone the exploitation of animals on the basis of it being a logical practice, Machan fails to account for the emotionally based arguments raised by animal rights activists. Although Machan’s argument is solid on paper, he does not take into consideration other types of ethical theories such as that of Annette C. Bair.

Read More Read More

Cognitive Learning Theory Essay

Cognitive Learning Theory Essay

Learning is defined as a change in the learner’s way of thinking. Cognitive learning theory is based on the fact that people are able to learn by watching what others are doing and that the processes of the human thought are the key point in understanding a person’s personality. This theory is basically interested in the way the brain develops a pattern that is based on the perceived world. This theory argues that there is a very great influence of ones behavior by the environment that the person grows in but on the other hand it argues that the individual is the most important factor in determining his/her moral development.

Read More Read More

Auteur Theory The French New Wave Essay

Auteur Theory The French New Wave Essay

… culture and the renaissance humanists, the Italian literate’ were the sources of a very large body of renaissance social theory. It is then particularly interesting to address the Italian culture through the eyes of three separate social theories. In a …

Read More Read More

Leadership Theories Essay

Leadership Theories Essay

The validity of trait ideas to recent development in leadership theory

The discussion on whether leaders are born or made has attracted more attention in the past study but no common conclusion has been reached on this matter. One of the theories which support that leader are born is the trait theory. According to this theory, there are some inborn qualities that an individual should posses in order to be a leader. The trait theory assumes that people are born with inherited traits some of which are suited to leadership. To be an effective leader a person should have the right combination of traits.

Read More Read More

Albert Beveridge Iii Essay Example

Albert Beveridge Iii Essay Example

… : “Don’t start something until you finish another.” She judged fairly and revealed an adequate insight of things.
Her admitting diagnosis consisted of severe psychosocial stressors, related to social situation;
depression; bipolar disorder; post traumatic stress disorder, OCD; alcohol abuse disorder but in remission; elevated blood pressure and cholesterol. #

III. TREATMENT HISTORY. TO-DATE

A. Treatment Plan
The patient was admitted to the Adult Out-Patient Program four times a week for two to four weeks. The Program had the following features:
= a structured and supportive milieu which would provide occupational, recreational and group therapy;
= a physical and psychosocial evaluation …

… the opinion that a child’s critical training periods were feeding, cleanliness training, and early sex training. Our patient’s symptoms appeared at the end of her formative years, indicating that it came as a response to a disturbance in her early childhood in one of these periods.
2. Albert Bandura’s theory on the development of aggressive behavior or criminality came out of a process he called “behavior modeling.” While it was not inherited, he believed that a person or child learned to be aggressive from his parents or at home, through the media and from the environment. These …

Alasdair Macintyre Vs Virginia Held Essay Sample

Alasdair Macintyre Vs Virginia Held Essay Sample

… The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre. Specifically, it will discuss MacIntyres criticism of duty-based and goal-based moral theory, and his reasons for preferring a right-based moral theory. It will also include reactions to his views and his virtue-based moral theory.
MACINTYRES MORAL THEORIES
MacIntyre criticizes duty-based and goal-based moral theories on several levels. He feels morals based on duty and goals are not virtuous, and therefore do not belong in moral theory, and that the moral character people develop from living by …

… by these theories is flawed. The child learning to play chess is an excellent example of both of these theories, and why MacIntyre feels they do not work. The child is not learning to play chess because it wants to learn. The child is learning to play chess because MacIntyre wants it to learn, and gives it a goal, candy, and a duty, “play with me.” Eventually he hopes the child will derive satisfaction and learn new skills from playing chess, and then the moral theory will change, and the child will derive enjoyment from the entire practice. Thus, goal …

Akrasia And Freud Essay

Akrasia And Freud Essay

… Sigmund Freuds psychological theories – Wilson does, for instance, believe in Freuds model of the id, ego and superego – but when it comes to interpreting the finer points, they quite often disagree. Chief among these disagreements is the conflict in deciding on the origins of the superego.
For Freud, defining the origin of the superego was problematic. Initially, in his study, Moses and Monotheism, Freud addresses the origin of the superego with respect to the murder of the primal father. This incomplete explanation, made mostly in passing and with reference to religion and atheism, has the major flaw of …

… been taught by them, but because we carry their genetic components.
The difference, then, between the theories of the origin of the superego of Freud and Wilson, is the difference between the sides of old debate of nature versus nurture. For Freud, our superego is formed by our experiences and traumas, for Wilson, the eventual development of our superego is carried within us from the day we are born.

Agnew Strain Theory Essay

Agnew Strain Theory Essay

… another philosophy. The concept of social theory as a way of understanding society then sometimes seems like a maze of information regarding the beliefs of several individuals, that one either agrees with or disagrees with depending on his/her own knowledge experience and personality. The three sets of social theory that will be examined with in this short work are: conflict theory vs. functionalism, psychological reductionist vs. non-reductionist and value-free vs. value-committed social structure.
Social Conflict theory is one of the earliest recognized forms of social theory. Social conflict theory regards society as a conglomeration of individuals …

… gain a finite amount of resources. In this attempt to gain either, power, food, money, shelter or any other reward individuals are in innate conflict with one another, as they are all competing for the same things. Conflict theory would consider criminal behavior as a natural outgrowth of the strain of conflict for resources as individuals are pushed to a point of breaking the law in an attempt to gain resources they were unable t o gain by legal means.
Functionalism is on the other hand associated with the idea that all systems are symbiotic and interact with one another …

Adam Smith S Theory Of The State Essay Sample

Adam Smith S Theory Of The State Essay Sample

… because in reality these are equal. It is difficult to understand many of his writings because they seem to state the same thing over and over.
Eric Wolf was definitely a eurocentrism and his writing is similar to Marx. They …

… fail to mention “transformation and development, in this real world economy and system, we need an altogether more holistic theory and analysis” (Frank 8). Wolf’s stated that public and private businesses should be based on capitalism, which is what …

… and then his family. One way of doing this is trading his skills for the commodities that is needed (Smith 1).
The writings of Marshall Sahlins can be seem to be capitalist in that the hunter-gatherer spends “less energy …

… Marx, Eric Wolf, Marcel Mauss, Adam Smith, and Marshall Sahlins had many similarities while stating different beliefs. One of the most difficult parts of these writers is that they seem confusing in some of their terminology. Each of the writers …

… or basic nature can be argued.
A comparison of various writers such as Karl Marx, Eric Wolf, Marcel Mauss, Adam Smith, and Marshall Sahlines. In many ways these writers have several similarities. However, they vary in many ways, too. Karl …

Accounting Theory And Research Essay Example

Accounting Theory And Research Essay Example

… the private sector.
Does privatization affect you? Privatization is important because it helps the government achieve savings, improve efficiency and maximize effectiveness. The General Accounting Office has determined that competition for these positions could save taxpayers as much as thirty percent on each contract. The improvement will not only reduce …

… is that privatization can greatly benefit the government and American public. I am concerned, however, that the results of my research will contradict my theory and my employer will not like the outcome of my research. Other problems I may encounter include a lack of cooperation on the interviewee’s …

… respond quickly to changing commands and strive to satisfy their customers. Privatization promotes and ensures open competition on federally funded or assisted projects.
The research also found that privatization can improve the efficiency of private sector firms. Our research uncovered that many businesses in the private sector report an increase …

… government with a way to reduce spending and still get a high quality product or service.
We can conclude that there are serious advantages and disadvantages that should be discussed prior to the implementation of any privatization strategies. The government must weigh the costs and benefits that privatization will have …

Kubrickian Cinema: Design and Disorder Essay

Kubrickian Cinema: Design and Disorder Essay

The foundational Kubrickian philosophy is perhaps best described by Kubrick himself when he claims that “you can say a lot of architectural things about what a film story should have… but, of course, that still doesn’t really explain why you finally choose something, nor does it lead you to the story” (Nelson, 2000). Structuring films according to a certain formula certainly has its merit, an organizational framework in which a story can settle, yet Kubrick’s genius is also found outside of these parameters, in the notion that themes, plots, characters, and artistry cannot be entirely planned or explained, and, in moving through the mystery of the personal and spiritual creation and evolution of a film, nor should they be.

Read More Read More

Aaron Beck S Primal Essay

Aaron Beck S Primal Essay

… Reaction to Aaron Beck, Victor Frankl and Carl Rogers
In reading the works of Aaron Beck, Victor Frankl and Carl Rogers, I have responded in different ways depending on how I see their ideas in relation to where I am in my own personal development. I feel most comfortable with the ideas of Beck, since this theory seems to have the most similarities with my current stage of personal development. I found the ideas of Rogers to be the most challenging and had a difficult time relating to the theories. I found the ideas of Frankl especially intriguing though I also have a difficult time relating to them. I will now describe my reactions and offer an explanation for them by looking at each of the theorists separately. This will include describing my reaction to the theory, determining why I responded in this way, while relating this to my current stage of personal development.
I was most comfortable with Aaron Becks cognitive therapy. Becks theory involves a person recognizing the thoughts they have that lead to anxiety and then making a conscious effort to change these thoughts and make them more positive. I have used this approach in …

A Tale Of Two Cities And The Princess Bride Loyalty Essay

A Tale Of Two Cities And The Princess Bride Loyalty Essay

… The Princess Bride
William Goldman’s “The Princess Bride” is a tale of time, history, and love. However, because he adds an element of fantasy to the story, his characters are able to withstand all sorts of setbacks and overcome various obstacles.
In this story, Goldman places love above all else, allowing his character to use super-human strength and unusual occurrences to fight in the name …

… never noticed Wesley’s beauty until someone she admired saw it.
Kant believed that the idea of taste simply becomes a matter of personal opinion that reflects more on the viewer than on the object itself. He said that an individual cannot judge true beauty because their judgment is too subjective and not at all universal. Buttercup’s love for Wesley proves Kant’s ethical theory, as …

… of the things that are normally considered good, including happiness, courage, and intelligence, are all qualified goods, as their goodness depends upon being possessed by someone with a good will. In “The Princess Bride”, Wesley’s good points are indeed good as his will is good. This is probably the most important ethical lesson of the story.
Kant believed that a virtuous society must exist if moral …