Theories International Relations Essay Sample

Theories International Relations Essay Sample

Introduction
On the most basic level, implementation is the action of putting a theory or concept into motion. Implementation involves many elements, including decision-making, communications, politics, budgeting, intergovernmental relations, public administrator’s professional expertise, ethics and the general environment. This essay will explore two of these elements, ethics and communications. After some brief comments on the precise definition of “implementation,” we will …

… the Challenger case in relation to ethics, and we will look at the Bakersfield case in relation to communications.
Defining Implementation
The term implementation is often used to describe activities involved in making theories and concepts into realities. Several steps must be taken before a concept becomes an actuality. First of all, the concept or theory must be approved at the governmental level. Once approval is complete, …

… New York: The New Press, 1999.
Houston, David J. “Implementation.” International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration. Ed. Jay M. Shafritz. Vol. 2. Boulder: Westview Press, 1998. 1093-97.
Hummel, Ralph P. “Bureaucracy.” International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration. Ed. Jay M. Shafritz. Vol. 1. Boulder: Westview Press, 1998. 307-9.
Macionis, John J. Society: The Basics. Sixth ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc., …

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