… attributes concerning the ‘minority achievement gap and barriers to school improvement and reform.
Integration of minority students brought to light the differences in educational attainment. Deficit explanations, or looking at what was missing within the social environment on an individual level, was the first perspective. The came the ‘differences explanation’, which looked at the differences between school and home expectations. These perspectives led to an understanding of cultural differences as having a negative effect on learning and, or, testing. The next step in addressing these problems was to make the school and home environment (culture) more compatible. Michael Fullan recently …
… article is that settings and models are interpenetrated. That is, where and with whom has a great deal of effect on the ‘how’ of improvement or change in culture.
The use of this type of analysis allows for differences to be identified and rectified. It brings all of the particip[ants in education (the school, the family and the child) onto the ‘same page’ – enabling changes beneficial to the learning process.