… There are many arguments for and against prisons many see the prison role as a way of helping to fight crime, for example many argue that as a deterrent it can force criminals to avoid prison by not committing crimes. However, this ideal was a theory that began as policy for governing penal centres in the early 1970’s, since that time the prison populations have increased fivefold (Clear, 2002 and Blumstein, 1993).
Never the less the growth of the prison system is not being met with a decrease in crime, rather the opposite. The major increase of those being …
… Academy Press
Clear. T.R. (2002) Backfire: When Incarceration Increases Crime [online] accessed at http://www.doc.state.ok.us/DOCS/OCJRC/Ocjrc96/Ocjrc7.htm
Felson, M. (1994). Crime and everyday life: Insights and implications for society. Newbury Park, CA: Pine Forge Press
Freeman, R. B. (1992). Crime and unemployment of disadvantaged youth. In A. Harrell, & G. Peterson (Eds.), Drugs, crime, and social isolation: Barriers to urban opportunity. Washington, DC: Urban Institute
Pugsley, R.A (1982) Prisons and Punishment. The New York Review of Books [online] accessed at http://www.nybooks.com/articles/6490